Knitting allows us to build a material stitch by stitch, considering every element from yarn & machine to shape & form. It gives us space to re-imagine unexpected combinations out of yarn and machine technology and challenge what is ordinary associated with knit. 3D knit textiles use stitch to create textures and forms that bring about new ways of creating visual innovation and alternative ways to apply functionalities to textiles. In our Studio we have explored many possibilities over the years, exploring padding, pleats, stretch and dynamic patterning that can be used in many ways.
Some of the main uses of 3D knit are protection, comfort and cushioning. These can be knitted into a double jersey fabric using tuck, spacer-like stitches or boosting the volume with an inlay yarn. A padded sample like this, can be created with intricate patterns, that otherwise would be difficult to achieve by conventional methods such as quilting. By using circular knit, we open ourselves up to more possibilities of adding multiple functions, graphics and dynamic placement.
3D knit doesn’t have to be thick and heavy, it can be engineered into lightweight fabrics using hold structures. These samples add graphic texture by use of loft whilst retaining the qualities needed for sportswear and apparel, proving that 3D knit can be breathable, durable and have high stretch.
This padding effect can be created by smartly positioning and playing with yarn and stitch combination. Folds and volume are produced by the contrast of yarn properties, such as stretch vs non stretch, or rigid vs high shrinkage yarns. The air pockets created retain heat and when applied in an organic nature invite touch, creating a tactile experience that brings life to a textile.